Basic structure and rules for writing an essay.

Basic structure and rules for writing an essay.

Basic Essay Structure

The simplest, most conventional essay structure in English includes introduction > body conclusion that is. Many papers that are academic this structure, though it is usually adapted in some way to suit different topics and purposes.

This structure is popular since it helps to ensure that the main points of the essay are very clear and well supported. The introduction provides the writer’s overall point and purpose in the essay. The body gives support for this point that is overall. The conclusion restates the overall point.

A prototype essay of this structure includes in more detail


The objective of the introduction is always to capture your reader’s attention, lead the reader into your topic and give the reader your point that is overall or.

A structure that is conventional introductions is general to specific. These introductions start with some general statements on a topic (e.g. a development or trend, an interesting fact, a situation, a standard belief or argument), before moving on the particular issue or problem that the essay will cope with. They end with the overall point and/or reason for the essay – to create the thesis statement. This thesis statement must be supported by then the remaining portion of the essay.

Everyone understands that vitamin D is the sunshine vitamin, and therefore vitamin D is really important once and for all health. Researchers have indicated that vitamin D prevents illnesses such as rickets, improves the condition of the skin, regulates the system that is immune increases the rate of conversion (Nordwist 2000). Despite this general knowledge, however, lots of people today still have problems with vitamin D deficiencies around the globe. This essay overviews the sources of this continuing health condition.

(Adapted from Reed 1988: the method of Composition)

Note: If for example the essay is written in reply to a question that is particular ensure that your thesis statement is clearly strongly related the question!


Your body of this essay is divided in to paragraphs. The goal during these paragraphs is to support your essay clearly’s thesis statement.

Clear paragraphs usually contain only one main point which is then supported. The overall point in the paragraph is known as the topic sentence. This typically occurs at the start of the paragraph.

A significant reason behind vitamin D deficiency is sun exposure that is limited. Human skin produces vitamin D when it is exposed to the sun. Many people who live definately not the equator in the northern and southern hemispheres have inadequate experience of the sunlight considering that the sun’s rays are not strong enough during winter season. Having an occupation that is indoor using sunscreen also limit the quantity of sun exposure a person receives.

(Adapted from “Better Medicine, Healthgrades” 2012)

The key point with this example paragraph is expressed within the topic sentence, “an essential reason for vitamin D deificiency is bound sun exposure”. This point is then explained because of the remaining portion of the paragraph.

Ensure that you support your topic sentence well before moving onto a new point and paragraph that is new. When you’re with many short paragraphs, you probably want to think more info on your argument and find out more about your topic to develop your ideas. Otherwise, the reader will find your argument hasty and superficial.

Make sure also that your paragraphs are sequenced logically so your reader can easily follow your line of thought through the entire essay. This often involves starting paragraphs with logical connectors:

The issue that is final may cause.

This reminds your reader associated with overall point/purpose associated with the essay and ties the essay together.


The goal of in conclusion is to briefly remind your reader of your overall point, possibly suggest wider implications, and provide the essay a satisfying sense of closure.

To summarize, vitamin D deficiency is actually more wide-spread than a lot of people realize. The cause is often poverty and resulting malnutrition in developing countries. In Western countries, however, the nagging problem is typically an overly processed or imbalanced diet. More effort therefore should be built to increasing awareness that is public of vitamin D sources.

The final outcome is yet another good possibility to tie the essay together while making it clear that you’ve got supported your point well.

Remember that in a really short paper, you should avoid giving too much of a synopsis. The reader will remember most of the true points, so that it will feel unnecessary. Instead, summarize only briefly that is very then move onto wider implications and final comments.

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